Potato world

The IYP Secretariat wishes to thank the International Potato Center and FAO's Statistics Division for their invaluable assistance in compiling our "Potato world" section

Potato world

Developed countries
Developing countries

World potato production, 1991-2007

1991 1993 1995 1997 1999 2001 2003 2005 2007
Countriesmillion tonnes
Developed 183.13 199.31 177.47 174.63 165.93 166.94 160.97 159.99 155.56
Developing 84.86 101.95 108.50 128.72 135.15 145.92 152.11 160.12 165.15
WORLD 257.25 301.27 285.97 303.36 301.08 312.86 313.09 320.11 320.71
Source: FAOSTAT

The world potato sector is undergoing major changes. Until the early 1990s, most potatoes were grown and consumed in Europe, North America and countries of the former Soviet Union. Since then, there has been a dramatic increase in potato production and demand in Asia, Africa and Latin America, where output rose from less than 30 million tonnes in the early 1960s to more than 165 million tonnes in 2007. FAO data shows that in 2005, for the first time, the developing world's potato production exceeded that of the developed world. China is now the biggest potato producer, and almost a third of all potatoes is harvested in China and India.

Top potato producers, 2006-2007

Quantity (t), 2007 Kg per capita, 2006
1. China72 000 0001. Belarus835.6
2. Russian Fed.35 718 0002. Netherlands415.1
3. India26 280 0003. Ukraine414.8
4. Ukraine19 102 3004. Denmark291.1
5. USA17 653 9205. Latvia286.0
6. Germany11 604 5006. Poland271.5
7. Poland11 221 1007. Belgium267.4
8. Belarus8 497 0008. Lithuania261.2
9. Netherlands7 200 0009. Russian Fed.259.0
10. France6 271 00010. Kyrgyzstan219.4
Source: FAOSTAT
Europe
Latin
America
Asia/Oceania
Africa
North America
Production
quantity

Potato production, by region, 2007

Harvested area Quantity Yield
hectarestonnestonnes/hectare
Africa1 503 14516 308 53010.84
Asia/Oceania8 743 857137 182 94615.68
Europe7 439 553128 608 37217.28
Latin America962 43415 985 82516.61
North America615 03222 626 28836.78
WORLD19 264 021320 711 96116.64
Source: FAOSTAT

Asia and Europe are the world's major potato producing regions, accounting for more than 80 percent of world production in 2007. While harvests in Africa and Latin America were far smaller, production was at or near record levels. North America was the clear leader in yields, at more than 36 tonnes per hectare.

Europe
Latin
America
Asia/Oceania
Africa
North America
Consumption
(per capita)

Potato consumption, by region, 2005

PopulationConsumption
Total food (t)kg per capita
Africa905 937 00012 850 00014.18
Asia/Oceania 3 938 469 000101 756 00025.83
Europe739 276 000 71 087 00096.15
Latin America561 344 00013 280 00023.65
North America330 608 00019 156 00057.94
WORLD6 475 634 000218 129 00033.68
Source: FAOSTAT

Asia consumes almost half of the world's potato supply, but its huge population means that consumption per person was a modest 25 kg in 2005. The heartiest potato eaters are Europeans. Per capita consumption is lowest, but increasing, in Africa and Latin America.

Top potato consumers, 2005

Quantity (t) Kg per capita
1. China52 882 0001. Belarus337.99
2. Russian Fed.20 442 0002. Kyrgyzstan152.20
3. India18 253 0003. Russian Fed.141.98
4. USA16 399 0004. Ukraine141.62
5. United Kingdom6 842 0005. Latvia136.14
6. Ukraine6 659 0006. Armenia131.76
7. Germany6 120 0007. Lithuania130.67
8. Poland4 893 0008. Poland127.75
9. France3 880 0009. Rwanda124.83
10. Bangladesh3 746 00010. Portugal118.62
Source: FAOSTAT